3.00 FYI France: Enewsletter and archive

by Jack Kessler, kessler@well.sf.ca.us

May 2, 1996 issue. This file presents an archive copy of the EXTRA issue of the FYI France ejournal, ISSN 1071-5916, which was distributed via email on May 2, 1996.
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Versions of the following have appeared online regularly, since 1992, as a feature of the FYI France enewsletter, ISSN 1071-5916, which is distributed for free via email every month except August. Enewsletter subscriptions may be obtained via email request to: kessler@well.sf.ca.us .

Here this file is one of a number made available -- hopefully attractively, all in one place, and relevant to libraries and online digital information work in France and Europe -- as part of FYI France (sm)(tm), an online service to which anyone can subscribe by postal mailing a check for US $45 -- $35 until January 1, 1997 -- payable to Jack Kessler, to PO Box 460668, San Francisco, California, USA 94146 (site licenses also are available): please write your email address on the front of your check. Please email suggestions for improvements to me at kessler@well.sf.ca.us .

***




FYI France Extra: Conf.des Grandes Ecoles -- France & Technology

The Grandes Ecoles -- "Mines", "Ponts et Chausse'es", "Normale Sup.",
etc. -- have educated most of France's engineers since the Revolution.
They have in addition, because of France's unique higher education
system, trained most of the country's leading politicians, and its
decision - makers in most strategic areas.

There are over a hundred of them: a score of "corps" schools, and
dozens of others. They have been meeting regularly as a group since
1991, in an "International Symposium" coordinated jointly with MIT and
UC Berkeley, trying to keep up to date with developments in their
field, and searching for decision rationale in a rapidly - changing hi
- tech world.

This year's Confe'rence des Grandes Ecoles "International Symposium
III", to be held in Sophia Antipolis -- one of France's several Silicon
Valleys -- near Cannes, May 27 - 30, will address, "A New Technological
System for a Global Society".

Because what interests the Grandes Ecoles is of such interest to all of
France, I thought I would present the conference outline here. You will
see a notable lack of the insularity for which the French are famous
and in which they themselves take pride: these people in fact are
interested in everything in hi - tech, and they are not behind the US
in it, as both they and others so often think. For the full conference
program and details please see:

		http://sunsite.berkeley.edu/IS3/

a site sponsored by the Berkeley Digital Library SunSITE and ably
managed by UC Berkeley Library's Roy Tennant.

For inquiries about the Symposium, in English or in French, please send
email to Jack Kessler at kessler@well.sf.ca.us, or Jean - Pierre Tubach
at tubach@ds.enst.fr, or M. Bernard Sutter at sutter@paris.ensmp.fr .


	International Symposium III / Symposium international III

			Europe -- Etats-Unis

	"A new technological system for a global society" / 

   "Vers un nouvel ordre technologique pour une socie'te' globale"

			  27-30 mai 1996

		    Sophia-Antipolis -- France

On the Invitation of

	the Confe'rence des Grandes Ecoles, Jacques Le'vy, Pre'sident
	the Conference of European Schools for Advanced Engineering
		Education and Research, Patrick Holmes, President
	the University of California, Berkeley, Chang Lin Tien,
		Chancellor
	the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Charles Vest,
		President

Sous le haut patronage de 

	Monsieur Jacques Chirac, Pre'sident de la Re'publique Francaise

et de 

	Monsieur Jacques Santer, Pre'sident de la Commission Europe'enne

Sponsored by
	
	la Commission Europe'enne
	le Ministe`re des Affaires Etrange`res
	le Ministe`re de l'Industrie
	le Ministe`re de l'Education national, de l'Enseignement
		Supe'rieur, de la Recherche et de l'Insertion
		Professionelle

In coooperation with

	le Conseil Re'gional Provence-Alpes Co^te d'Azur
	le Conseil Ge'ne'ral Nice-Co^te d'Azur
	France Te'le'com

Comite' scientifique / Scientific Committee

	* Confe'rence des Grandes Ecoles

	Bernard Sutter, Inge'nieur ge'ne'ral des Te'le'communications,
		Conseiller aupre`s du Pre'sident
	Jean - Pierre Chevillot, Conseiller a` la DG XII -- Commission
		Europe'enne
	Gilbert Frade, Directeur adjoint de l'Ecole des Mines de Paris
	Pierre Conruyt, De'le'gue' Ge'ne'ral de France Te'le'com a`
		Sophia - Antipolis

	* Conference of European Schools for Advanced Education and
	Research / CESAER

	Philippe D. Grosjean, Secre'taire ge'ne'ral
	
	* University of California, Berkeley

	Richard Buxbaum, Dean of International and Area Studies
	Bernard Sadoulet, Director, Center for Particle Astrophysics

	* Massachusetts Institute of Technology

	Philipp L. Clay, Associate Provost
	David Litster, Vice - President and Dean for Research

	
Groupes de Travail / Working Groups [subject to change. jk]

Summary

Groupe 1: Syste`mes de concurrence et de partenariat/ Systems of
partnership and competition

Groupe 2: Infrastructure de recherche de base / Infrastructure of
basic research

Groupe 3: Multime'dias et re'seaux de te'le'communications / Multimedia
and telecommunication networks

Groupe 4: Bioinge'nierie et environnement / Bioengineering and
environmental engineering

Detail

Groupe 1: Syste`mes de concurrence et de partenariat/ Systems of
partnership and competition

Armand HATCHUEL     Professeur de Management industriel, Ecole des
		    mines de Paris

Michel HOLLARD      Professeur d'Economie, Universite' de Grenoble

David MOWERY        Professor, Haas School of Business, Univ. of
		    California, Berkeley

Eugene SKOLNIKOFF   Professor of Political Science, Massachusetts
		    Institute of Technology

D. Eleanor WESTNEY  Professor of Management, Massachusetts Institute of
		    Technology

Le de'veloppement de la concurrence mondiale ame`ne les firmes a` se
livrer a` une compe'tition accrue et complexe, mais aussi a`
de'velopper entre elles des accords de coope'ration, en re'action a`
cette e'volution.  Peut-on trouver des formes plus efficaces d'une
coope'ration non plus "re'active"; pour en me^me temps favoriser le
progre`s technologique et mai^triser une concurrence sauvage
pre'judiciable a` l'homme?  Quels me'canismes institutionnels au niveau
des nations, des groupes d'Etats ou des re'gions permettent ces
nouvelles formes de coope'ration, les accompagnent dans leur
croisssance ou les inhibent ? Quelles en sont les conse'quences sur la
formation des scientifiques et des inge'nieurs de demain ?

This group will examine current competitive practices in the world and
their usually "reactive" character, which tend to lead to a sterile
acceleration of competition. It will also review the growing number of
international cooperative agreements between companies and will attempt
to delineate what could on the contrary be a "proactive" attitude
balancing competition and partnerships. It will delineate the
institutional mechanisms which, at the regional or national levels,
could support these new forms of cooperation. It will examine the
impact that the current evolution should have on the training of
scientists and engineers.

Groupe 2: Infrastructure de recherche de base / Infrastructure of basic
research

Michel SPIRO      Chef du service de physique des particules - DAPNIA -
		  Centre d'e'tudes nucle'aires de Saclay

Bernard SADOULET  Director, Center for Particle Astrophysics, Univ. of
		  California, Berkeley

J. David LITSTER  Professor of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of
		  Technology

Kenneth A. SMITH  Professor of Chemical Engineering, Massachusetts
		  Institute of Technology

La recherche de base vise a` repousser les frontie`res de la
connaissance. Par son universalite' et ses implications humaines, elle
devrait e^tre un champ de coope'ration par excellence. Pourtant, par
ses retombe'es technologiques, par les grands e'quipements dont elle a
besoin, par le prestige qu'elle confe`re, la recherche fondamentale est
le lieu d'une compe'tition acharne'e et les accords de collaborations
ne se font pas sans mal.  Comment mettre en place le me'canismes de
de'cision ne'cessaires pour de'finir une strate'gie globale a` long
terme de construction et d'utilisation des grands e'quipements qui
prenne en compte la limitation des ressources?  Seront pris comme
exemples les domaines de l'astrophysique, de la physique des
particules, de la fusion, de la matie`re condense'e et de la biologie.
Comment utiliser cette dynamique pour promouvoir de manie`re exemplaire
le de'veloppement international, l'emploi et l'environnement?  Comment,
a` travers l'e'volution de la recherche scientifique, pre'server la
dimension humaine de ce de'veloppement et, de manie`re plus ge'ne'rale,
comment la science peut-elle reconstituer pour la socie'te' des
repe`res qui lui font actuellement de'faut?

This working group will review the international aspects of basic
research. The decision mechanisms in place for large research
facilities and the strategies used for long-term research projects
reveal a tension between the desire to maintain and improve a national
or regional competitive position and the realities of limited resources
which argue for an overall coordination and cooperation. On the basis
of examples taken from particle and condensed matter of physics,
astronomy, space science and biology, the group will examine the
current practices as experienced by base scientists, institution
managers, funding agency officials and governments.  It will attempt to
outline the cultural and institutional obstacles to coordination and
cooperation. It will also focus on the international component of
scientific training, the collaboration practices and the personnel
exchange policies which are necessary to promote these goals.

Groupe 3: Multime'dias et re'seaux de te'le'communications / Multimedia
and telecommunication networks

Premie`re partie -- (technical, economic, regulatory context)

Animateur : M. Jack KESSLER (BRIE, UC Berkeley)

- M. Christian Van GHELDER (Hewlett Packard, Director of Marketing,
Telecom Systems Business Unit) : "the use of networks in companies"

- Mme. Camille WANAT (Director of the Engineering Library, UC Berkeley)
: "online information for engineers"

- M. J.M. CHADUC (Ministe`re de l'Industrie, des Postes et
Te'le'communications) : "regulatory aspects in Europe and USA"

- M. Roy TENNANT (Project Manager, Digital Library Research and
Development, UC Berkeley) : multimedia demonstration

Deuxie`me partie -- (use in higher education)

Animateur : Pr Knud Erik SKOUBY (Center for Tele-Information at the
Technical University of Denmark)

- Pr Hal VARIAN (UC Berkeley : Dean, School of Information Management
Studies) "building a school of information management studies"

- Pr P. PURCELL (sabbatical professor,  Imperial College, London) "the
context for distance learning"

- Pr Martial VIVET, Universite' du Maine, France :  "personalized
teaching and multimedia"

Troisie`me parti :  "table ronde"  (impact on society, ethics)

Moderator : Pr Nicolas CURIEN (CNAM)

- Pr Michel CALLON (ENSMP, Centre de Sociologie de l'Innovation)

- Pr Stephen COHEN (co-director BRIE, UC Berkeley)

- M. Michel COLONNA D'ISTRIA (Le Monde, Paris)

- M. Yves MICHAUD (former Director of ENS des Beaux Arts)

- M. Nicolas PIOCH (internet, cyberspace...)

- Pr Ge'rard POGOREL (ENST, Economics Dept)

- M. Serge SOUDOPLATOFF (CP2I : entreprise and innovation)

This working group will examine the revolution of multimedia and
telecommunications networks, which appears to be leading us into a
global "society of information".  The group will study its influence on
markets and business within the very different contexts of Europe,
North America, and Asia, considering both the competition and the
cooperation among various actors which is occurring or which might
occur. The group will take into account ethical, social and cultural
aspects of this revolution, and outline the principals of a possible
"ecology of communication." It will delineate the demands that these
developments put on the training of scientists and engineers, and the
contribution of these new technologies to both higher education and
global professional training.

Groupe 4: Bioinge'nierie et environnement / Bioengineering and
environmental engineering

Calude MILLIER    Directeur scientifique - ENGREF

Brigitte AHRING   Professor, Institute of Environmental science and
		  engineering, Technical University of Denmark

Brian BARSKY      Professor of Computer Science, University of
		  California, Berkeley

Kent UDELL        Professor of Mechanical Engineering, University of
		  California, Berkeley

Wesley WALLENDER  Professor, Dept. of Land, Air and Water Resources,
		  University of California, Davis

Mai^triser le de'veloppement de la technologie prend un tout autre
caracte`re d'urgence de`s lors gu'il s'agit de toucher a` l'essence
me^me de la vie et de son cadre.  La re'volution de la bioinge'nierie
et la remise en cause des proce'de's industriels pour inte'grer la
dimension environmentale ne se conc,oivent pas sans une nouvelle forme
de coope'ration entre les partenaires mondiaux, coope'ration qui se
doit d'allier encore plus e'thique et technique.  Quels sont
aujourd'hui les chemins parcourus dans ce sens, les difficulte's
rencontre'es, les dangers affronte's?  Comment, a` la rencontre des
sciences du vivant et des sciences sociales, concilier dans la
formation des jeunes le gou^t de l'entreprise, de la de'couverte et en
me^me temps le sens des responsabilite' qui leur e'choient?  Quelles
normes, quelles re`gles, quelles conventions introduire dans la
compe'tition pour qu'elle ne freine pas le progre`s, et dans la
coope'ration pour qu'elle stimule la cre'ation?  Quelle dynamique enfin
pour cette re'flexion qui ne peut e^tre statique?

The working group will examine the challenges triggered by the
bioengineering revolution - in particular genetic engineering - and the
new engineering approach to environmental protection and remediation.
It will study the technical issues in dealing with the "living world,"
the global aspects of any intervention, and the new ethical and social
responsibilities of the engineer.  The group will review the current
practices, outline the potentials in these fast-moving fields, and
review the institutional mechanisms which are being or should be put in
place to regulate the process. It will also examine the changes needed
in the training of scientists and engineers in these fields.


Little is left out, as I said. The French appear to be interested in
everything.

The symposium will be addressed by, among others, Jacques Le'vy, who is
both Director of the Ecole des Mines and President of the Confe'rence
des Grandes Ecoles, Chang Lin Tien, who is Chancellor of UC Berkeley,
Professor David Litster, who is Vice President for Research of MIT, and
France's Senator Pierre Laffitte. 

The May 30 finale will offer round table discussions by panels of
special guests. And there is rumored to be some good entertainment
planned for the evenings in between. And it is taking place in France,
in Springtime.

For inquiries about the Symposium, in English or in French, please send
email to Jack Kessler at kessler@well.sf.ca.us, or Jean - Pierre Tubach
at tubach@ds.enst.fr, or M. Bernard Sutter at sutter@paris.ensmp.fr.


XXX


FYI France (sm)(tm) e - newsletter        ISSN 1071 - 5916

      *
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Suggestions, reactions, criticisms, praise, and poison - pen
letters all will be gratefully received at  kessler@well.sf.ca.us .

        Copyright 1992- by Jack Kessler, all rights reserved.

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