3.00 FYI France: Enewsletter and archive

by Jack Kessler, kessler@well.sf.ca.us

Oct 15, 1994 issue. This file presents an archive copy of the issue of the FYI France ejournal, ISSN 1071-5916, which was distributed via email on October 15, 1994. This particular issue originally was distributed in two parts, as indicated below.
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From: Jack Kessler 
Subject: Reliable Internet statistics, and the French! (15 Oct 94)

FYIFrance: Reliable Internet statistics, and the French!

Global Internet use statistics appear to be available, easy, and 
reliable, at last.

All of us have argued the Internet with spouses, children, siblings, 
colleagues: yes, it's big; yes, it's getting bigger; no, it doesn't 
reach everybody; yes, it's international; yes, I think you can get an 
account in Lyon, or in Lhasa; no, I don't think you have to be rich to 
use it (do you?).

At last, some of the answers: Mark Lottor, ex- of SRI, has put the 
knowledge of domain - name searching which he demonstrated there into a 
new, free, extremely useful service. Just look at the following (in
what follows, the statistics are Mark's, the comments are mine):

        Country Host Statistics - July 1994

Country                                Hosts   %ofTotal ChangeFromJan94

US total                             2,044,401    63%    38%

United Kingdom                         155,706     5%    37%
Germany                                149,193     5%    51%
Canada                                 127,516     4%    48%
Australia                              127,514     4%    42%
Japan                                   72,409     2%    69%
France                                  71,899     2%   117%
Netherlands                             59,729     2%    43%
Sweden                                  53,294     2%    40%
Finland                                 49,598     2%    **
Switzerland                             47,401     1%    24%
Norway                                  38,759     1%    22%
Italy                                   23,616     1%    38%
Spain                                   21,147     1%    79%
Austria                                 20,130     1%    30%
South Africa                            15,595   <1%     42%
New Zealand                             14,830   <1%    157%
Korea                                   12,109   <1%     35%
Denmark                                 12,107   <1%    175%
Belgium                                 12,107   <1%    147%
Taiwan                                  10,314   <1%     29%
Hong Kong                                9,141   <1%     60%
Israel                                   8,464   <1%     28%
Poland                                   7,392   <1%     55%
Brazil                                   5,896   <1%     63%
Czech Rep.                               5,639   <1%    169%
Hungary                                  5,390   <1%    122%
Mexico                                   5,164   <1%     45%
Portugal                                 4,518   <1%     25%
Singapore                                4,014   <1%     45%
Chile                                    3,703   <1%    170%
Ireland                                  3,308   <1%    103%
Iceland                                  3,268   <1%     73%
Russian Fed. (SU)                        3,145   <1%    142%
Greece                                   2,958   <1%    249%
Czech&Slovak (CS)                        1,869   <1%    -36%
Malaysia                                 1,322   <1%    204%
Turkey                                   1,204   <1%    140%
Thailand                                 1,197   <1%    334%
Slovakia                                   868   <1%     70%
Croatia                                    838   <1%     79%
Estonia                                    659   <1%     93%
Slovenia                                   574   <1%     -9%
Costa Rica                                 544   <1%    153%
Romania                                    453   <1%    466%
Luxembourg                                 420   <1%     37%
Venezuela                                  399   <1%      6%
Ukraine                                    339   <1%    994%
China                                      325   <1%      *
Russian Fed. (RU)                          322   <1%      *
India                                      316   <1%    129%
International organizations                315   <1%     34%
Kuwait                                     297   <1%    115%
Ecuador                                    256   <1%     73%
Argentina                                  248   <1%   8167%
Latvia                                     180   <1%    150%
Colombia                                   144   <1%      *
Uruguay                                    101   <1%      *
Bulgaria                                    79   <1%    276%
Puerto Rico                                 75   <1%      *
Philippines                                 65   <1%      *
Indonesia                                   54   <1%      *
Lithuania                                   53   <1%      *
Egypt                                       52   <1%     11%
Tunisia                                     46   <1%    318%
Peru                                        42   <1%      *
Cyprus                                      38   <1%    660%
Liechtenstein                               27   <1%     59%
Panama                                      24   <1%      *
Nicaragua                                   23   <1%      *
Macao                                       12   <1%      *
Algeria                                      7   <1%      *
Fiji                                         5   <1%      0%
Iran                                         4   <1%      0%
Antarctica                                   4   <1%      *
Moldova                                      2   <1%      *
Saudi Arabia                                 1   <1%      *
                                     1,180,776    37%

*  Not connected in Jan 1994, ** Not counted in Jan 1994

What do these figures mean? Are the rich nations getting richer while 
the poor, as they say, "get children"? Which of them are getting the 
Internet? Does this mean that information, which "wants to be free", is 
getting its wish, or is all this merely the latest surge in the widening 
gulf between "information - haves" and "information - have - nots"?:

Correlation of GNP/GDP to Number of Internet Hosts in July 1994

Domain Name     Code Internet Hosts            GNP Total   GNP/Host
-------------------------------------------------------------------
Iceland           is          3,268       $5,456,000,000       1.67
Australia         au        127,514     $290,522,000,000       2.28
Norway            no         38,759      $98,079,000,000       2.53
Finland           fi         49,598     $129,823,000,000       2.62
U.S. Total       var      2,044,716   $5,694,900,000,000       2.79
New Zealand       nz         14,830      $46,200,000,000       3.12
Sweden            se         53,294     $202,498,000,000       3.80
Netherlands       nl         59,729     $249,600,000,000       4.18
Canada            ca        127,516     $542,774,000,000       4.26
Czech Republic    cz          5,639      $25,600,000,000       4.54
Switzerland       ch         47,401     $238,050,000,000       5.02
U.K.              uk        155,706     $923,959,000,000       5.93
South Africa      za         15,595      $96,000,000,000       6.16
World Median      ww      3,225,177  $19,935,936,341,266       6.18
Israel            il          8,464      $56,400,000,000       6.66
Denmark           dk         12,107      $91,100,000,000       7.52
Hong Kong         hk          9,141      $71,303,000,000       7.80
Austria           at         20,130     $164,100,000,000       8.15
Chile             cl          3,703      $30,500,000,000       8.24
Germany           de        149,193   $1,495,679,000,000      10.03
Slovak Republic   sk            868       $9,300,000,000      10.71
Singapore         sg          4,014      $43,200,000,000      10.76
Costa Rica        cr            544       $5,900,000,000      10.85
Hungary           hu          5,390      $60,100,000,000      11.15
Portugal          pt          4,518      $50,700,000,000      11.22
R.o.W. Median (not US)    1,180,461  $14,241,036,341,266      12.06
Ireland           ie          3,308      $41,354,000,000      12.50
Belgium           be         12,107     $171,800,000,000      14.19
Taiwan            tw         10,314     $150,800,000,000      14.62
France            fr         71,899   $1,099,750,000,000      15.30
Luxembourg        lu            420       $7,830,000,000      18.64
Poland            pl          7,392     $162,700,000,000      22.01
South Korea       kr         12,109     $273,000,000,000      22.55
Spain             es         21,147     $487,500,000,000      23.05
Liechtenstein     li             27         $630,000,000      23.33
Greece            gr          2,958      $77,600,000,000      26.23
Kuwait            kw            297       $8,750,000,000      29.46
Croatia           hr            838      $26,300,000,000      31.38
Mexico            mx          5,164     $172,400,000,000      33.38
Malaysia          my          1,322      $44,900,000,000      33.96
Slovenia          si            574      $20,300,000,000      35.37
Japan             jp         72,409   $3,140,948,000,000      43.38
Ecuador           ec            256      $11,500,000,000      44.92
Italy             it         23,616   $1,090,000,000,000      46.16
Brazil            br          5,896     $358,000,000,000      60.72
Nicaragua         ni             23       $1,600,000,000      69.57
Turkey            tr          1,204      $91,780,000,000      76.23
Thailand          th          1,197      $92,000,000,000      76.86
Uruguay           uy            101       $9,100,000,000      90.10
Venezuela         ve            399      $52,300,000,000     131.08
Romania           ro            453      $71,900,000,000     158.72
Cyprus            cy             38       $6,100,000,000     160.53
Panama            pa             24       $5,000,000,000     208.33
Tunisia           tn             46      $10,900,000,000     236.96
Macao             mo             12       $3,100,000,000     258.33
Fiji              fj              5       $1,300,000,000     260.00
Puerto Rico       pr             75      $22,831,000,000     304.41
Colombia          co            144      $45,000,000,000     312.50
Argentina         ar            248     $101,200,000,000     408.06
Bulgaria          bg             79      $37,136,000,000     470.08
Peru              pe             42      $25,150,000,000     598.81
Philippines       ph             65      $47,000,000,000     723.08
Egypt             eg             52      $39,200,000,000     753.85
India             in            316     $328,000,000,000   1,037.97
China             cn            325     $452,000,000,000   1,390.77
Indonesia         id             54     $116,200,000,000   2,151.85
Algeria           dz              7      $54,000,000,000   7,714.29
Iran              ir              4      $90,000,000,000  22,500.00
Saudi Arabia      sa              1     $104,000,000,000 104,000.00
Czechoslovakia    cs          1,869                   $0       0.00
Soviet Union      su          3,145                   $0       0.00
Antarctica        aq              4        not available       --
Estonia           ee            659          $52,869,137*      0.08
Latvia            lv            180          $65,059,024*      0.36
Ukraine           ua            339         $598,131,431*      1.76
Lithuania         lt             53         $178,842,876*      3.37
Russia            ru            322       $1,409,633,230*      4.38
Moldova           md              2          $29,805,568*     14.90

              * GDP data for the former USSR is unreliable due to
                unstable US$/ruble exchange rate.  These figures
                are for 1990, based on 317 rubles/US$.

Everyone picked their favorite / least favorite country? I myself find 
ammunition here for all possible views. Preconceived notions of every 
stripe might be fed by these statistics. Which nations, for example, are 
"best informed", as of July, 1994?:

Country                                Hosts   %ofTotal ChangeFromJan94

US total                             2,044,401    63%    38%
United Kingdom                         155,706     5%    37%
Germany                                149,193     5%    51%
Canada                                 127,516     4%    48%
Australia                              127,514     4%    42%
Japan                                   72,409     2%    69%
France                                  71,899     2%   117%

Which nations, on the other hand, might be "best informed" in the near 
future? (making heroic assumptions, of course, about both statistics and 
the Internet's role in the "near future's" information)(these same 
figures per capita of population would be interesting):

Country                                Hosts   %ofTotal ChangeFromJan94

Thailand                                 1,197   <1%    334%
Greece                                   2,958   <1%    249%
Malaysia                                 1,322   <1%    204%
Denmark                                 12,107   <1%    175%
Chile                                    3,703   <1%    170%
Czech Rep.                               5,639   <1%    169%
New Zealand                             14,830   <1%    157%
Belgium                                 12,107   <1%    147%
Russian Fed. (SU)                        3,145   <1%    142%
Turkey                                   1,204   <1%    140%
Hungary                                  5,390   <1%    122%
France                                  71,899     2%   117%
Ireland                                  3,308   <1%    103%

Which nations provide information to their wealthiest elites?:

Domain Name     Code Internet Hosts            GNP Total   GNP/Host

Indonesia         id             54     $116,200,000,000   2,151.85
China             cn            325     $452,000,000,000   1,390.77
India             in            316     $328,000,000,000   1,037.97
Egypt             eg             52      $39,200,000,000     753.85
Philippines       ph             65      $47,000,000,000     723.08
Peru              pe             42      $25,150,000,000     598.81

Which to their poor?:

Domain Name     Code Internet Hosts            GNP Total   GNP/Host

Iceland           is          3,268       $5,456,000,000       1.67
Australia         au        127,514     $290,522,000,000       2.28
Norway            no         38,759      $98,079,000,000       2.53
Finland           fi         49,598     $129,823,000,000       2.62
U.S. Total       var      2,044,716   $5,694,900,000,000       2.79
New Zealand       nz         14,830      $46,200,000,000       3.12
Sweden            se         53,294     $202,498,000,000       3.80

How is Asia doing in online information? How is Europe? Latin America? 
Africa? What is happening to those "10% per month" Internet growth rates 
which we used to hear about, at home in the US?

Some of us already make our livings speaking and writing about and using 
online information. All of us, I personally am convinced, will have more 
and more to do with online information in the very near future. And yet 
it has been very hard to get information about information. Internet and 
Minitel statistics have been hard to come by, and have been subject to 
much question on the rare occasions when they have been available.

Anyone online, however (notice the qualifier) now may see Mark Lottor's 
global Internet statistics for free. Use lynx or mosaic or any World 
Wide Web browser pointed to address  http://www.nw.com , or anonymous 
ftp to  ftp.nw.com . Both historical data and regular updates are 
available: the latest figures are those shown here, from July. It seems 
that at last, amid all the talk about National Information 
Infrastructure and Information Superhighways, more than just a chosen 
few can get real information, about information, to talk about.

A final plug for the French: notice their enormous increase since the 
beginning of the year -- 117%, which puts them at the head of the nation 
- state list in 1994 Internet growth. I suspect that much of this might 
be due to the single RENATER program, which busily is connecting the 
entire French higher education establishment to the Internet this year. 
Whether all this connectivity actually will be used -- or will just sit 
there, the way Apple macintosh giveaways did for so long in California 
schools -- remains to be seen. Give credit to the French, though: 
Minitel put them in the networking forefront in general public usage -- 
RENATER may bootstrap them into networking's forefront on the Internet. 
The Network Wizards statistics also include detailed comparative figures 
from RIPE, in case anyone is particularly interested in the European 
numbers.

***

XXX


FYI France (sm)(tm) e - newsletter        ISSN 1071 - 5916

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